Why does a diabetic need a regular eye exam?
With diabetes comes a risk of diabetic retinopathy, which is when the blood vessels in the retina are ruptured. The following areas can be affected by this:
Blood vessels in the front or middle parts of the eye
Back of the eye
Optic nerve area
It is common for diabetics to have these problems. The early stages of this condition do not cause sight problems, so patients will not notice any symptoms.
That is why patients should have a dilated eye exam once a year. During this exam, the eyes will receive drops to dilate the pupils, allowing the doctor to see the back of the eye. The doctor will then take a digital retinal scan, or pictures, of the back of your eye.
This procedure can be done by an optometrist or an ophthalmologist.